|Investor Relations > Board of Directors
Our Board of Directors and senior management consider good corporate governance to be central to our effective and efficient operations.
The minimum number of members of the Board of Directors is two and the maximum number is eight. The Board of Directors is presently comprised of five members, two of whom were appointed as external directors under the provisions of the Companies Law (discussed below) by the shareholders. All directors hold office until their successors are elected at the next annual general meeting of shareholders.
Under the Companies Law and the regulations promulgated pursuant thereto, Israeli public companies, namely companies whose shares have been offered to the public, or that are publicly traded are required to appoint at least two natural persons as "external directors". A person may not be appointed as an external director if the person, or a relative, partner or employer of the person, or any entity under the person's control, has or had, on or within the two years preceding the date of the person's appointment to serve as an external director, any affiliation with the company to whose board the external director is proposed to be appointed, with the controlling shareholder of such company or with any entity controlling or controlled by such company or by the controlling shareholder of such company. The term "affiliation" includes an employment relationship, a business or professional relationship maintained on a regular basis, control and service as an office holder (which term includes a director).
In addition, no person may serve as an external director if the person's position or other business activities create, or may create, a conflict of interest with the person's responsibilities as an external director or interfere with the person's ability to serve as an external director or if the person is a member or employee of the Israel Securities Authority or of an Israeli stock exchange. If, at the time of election of an external director, all other directors are of the same gender, the external director to be elected must be of the other gender.
Each committee of a company's board of directors that has the authority to exercise powers of the board of directors is required to include at least one external director and its audit committee must include all external directors.
External directors are elected at the general meeting of shareholders by a simple majority, provided that the majority includes at least one-third of the shareholders who are not controlling shareholders, who are present and voting, or that the non-controlling shareholders who vote against the election hold one percent or less of the voting power of the company. Notwithstanding the above, regulations under the Companies Law provide that with respect to companies such as us, whose shares are traded on a stock exchange outside of Israel, the board of directors may determine that a director appointed prior to February 1, 2000 (the effective date of the Companies Law), who meets the above qualifications, be deemed an external director even if the person served as a director when the Companies Law became effective. In such case shareholder approval is not required.
Under the Companies Law, an external director cannot be dismissed from office unless: (i) the board of directors determines that the external director no longer meets the statutory requirements for holding the office, or that the external director has breached the external director's fiduciary duties and the shareholders vote, by the same majority required for the appointment, to remove the external director after the external director has been given the opportunity to present his or her position; (ii) a court determines, upon a request of a director or a shareholder, that the external director no longer meets the statutory requirements of an external director or that the external director has breached his or her fiduciary duties to the company; or (iii) a court determines, upon a request of the company or a director, shareholder or creditor of the company, that the external director is unable to fulfill his or her duty or has been convicted of specified crimes.
We currently have the following committees:
he Companies Law requires public companies to appoint an audit committee comprised of at least three directors, including all of the external directors, and further stipulates that the chairman of the board of directors of a public company, any director employed by or providing other services on a regular basis to the company and the controlling shareholder or any relative of the controlling shareholder of such company may not be members of the audit committee of the company. We have an audit committee (the ''Audit Committee''), a majority of whose members, including the Chairman, satisfy the criteria of independence as required by Euronext Rules. The functions of the Audit Committee include, among others, reviewing and evaluating the results and scope of the audit and other services provided by our independent accountants. In addition, tasks include reviewing our accounting principles and system of internal auditing controls and approving actions or transactions requiring Audit Committee approval under the Companies Law, the Articles of Association and the Euronext Rules.
We have a Compensation committee (the Compensation Committee''), a majority of whose members, including the Chairman, satisfy the criteria of independence required by Euronext Rules. Under the Companies Law, the Compensation Committee may only make recommendations to the Board of Directors concerning the grant of options and may need to seek the approval of the Audit Committee, the Board of Directors and the shareholders for certain compensation decisions. The Compensation Committee is responsible for making recommendations on Compensation of Named Executive Officers and the implementation of the Employee Share Option Plan. The Named Executive Officers and our senior officers are paid fairly and commensurably with their contributions to furthering our strategic direction and objectives. We also grant stock options to our officers, directors and employees from time to time in accordance with our stock option plan.